Climate change and ecological sustainability are therefore closely linked and indivisible. There is a general consensus that the effects of climate change on humans, the environment, and ecological processes are negative. Some of these effects include extreme weather conditions, reduced agricultural crop yield and aggregate food production.
Fleming et al contend thatecological sustainability should be pursued for the benefit of both humans and the millions of other species on the planet.
Cinnamon P. Carlarne
This implies that economic development should not be pursued at the expense of the environment and therefore, a sustainable solution should be found for climate change. Addressing climate change and its adverse effects requires stabilizing greenhouse gas GHG emission in developed countries and promoting sustainable development, particularly in developing countries. To guide developing countries toward green growth so that they do not repeat the unsustainable development pathway trekked by developed countries, the Clean Development Mechanism CDM was adopted as one of the GHG mitigation measures in the Kyoto Protocol.
The CDM was set up with the embedded assumption that it will create win-win opportunities for both developed and developing countries to promote ecologically sustainable development while mitigating climate change. Apart from pursuing environmental sustainability and other ecosystem benefits, the CDM projects also ensure the transfer of technologies and sustainable growth in the host country by prioritizing projects such as clean energy production and conservation as well as waste treatment. Despite dominating the CDM project pipeline, China and India are the most polluted countries in South Asia according to statistics.
This implies that the successes of these two countries in attracting CDM projects have not been transformed into environmental sustainability.
Department of Political and Social Sciences
For example, three of the ten most polluted cities in Asia are located in China and the other seven cities are in India. Further, in , the largest number of deaths attributable to pollution occurred in India and China, with an estimated 2.
This is a clear demonstration that despite the plethora of laws and policies as well as a multitude of CDM projects in these countries, there are no corresponding benefits to the protection and sustenance of their environment and associated ecological treasures yet. This article therefore utilizes a comparative analysis to explore the progress made in China and India in terms of the implementation of CDM projects and environmental protection.
It also examines the policy implementation challenges hindering CDMs project from promoting green and clean development.
D and Robert Dibie, Ph. Developing countries Africa. Assibey-Mensah, Ph.
Trade, Harmonization, and Domestic Autonomy in Environmental Policy | SpringerLink
D and Kealeboga Maphunye, Ph. Developing countries Other continents.
- Cinnamon P. Carlarne.
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Environmental degradation -- Africa.